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Brown Campus News

Higher Ed Roundup: Sept. 27, 2016
by Brown Daily Herald
Sep 27, 2016
“College Republicans all split up over Trump
College Republicans at universities across the country are struggling to remain united over Republican presidential nominee Donald Trump, according to a Sept. 23 New York Times article.
When the chapter at Yale decided to endorse Trump, for example, four members of the group’s seven-member executive board resigned and formed two new groups: the Yale New Republicans and Yale Undergraduate Conservatives Against Trump. Harvard’s Republican Club dodged the controversy by refusing to endorse Trump — the first time the group has not supported the Republican nominee since 1888. Its student president, Declan Garvey, said he made the decision after only 10 percent of club members indicated they supported Trump in an August survey.
Karl Rove, former White House deputy chief of staff under President George W. Bush, told the Times that most college Republicans tend to be “center-right traditional Republican conservatives,” causing a “little bit of a mismatch.”
At other schools, chapters have been more explicit in their support of Trump. Shortly after the Republican National Convention, the University of Central Florida’s College Republicans posted a letter on Facebook advising students to “not get discouraged” by Trump. The University of Michigan’s chapter formally endorsed the Trump campaign on Sept. 14 to a “really great response,” Enrique Zalamea, the president, told The Michigan Review. “Any Republican is better than Hillary Clinton,” Zalamea added.
Northern Michigan University faces criticism from free speech advocates
Northern Michigan University previously sent out warnings to students that cautioned them against speaking to their classmates about “suicidal or self-destructive” thoughts, according to an article published by the Chronicle of Higher Education. One such warning letter informed Katerina Klawes, a senior who had attended a counseling session, that she would face “disciplinary action” if she involved other students in “suicidal thoughts.” According to the letter, such involvement would interfere with others’ “pursuit of education and community.”
The practice drew the attention of the Foundation for Individuals Rights in Education, a nonprofit “devoted to free speech (and) individual liberty,” according to its website. In a letter to NMU, FIRE wrote that the practice imposed “an unconstitutional gag order” on students and deprived them of peer support. Though the university did not respond to the Aug. 25 letter, a campus spokesman announced on Sept. 24 that NMU changed the emails it sends to students with “self-harm inclinations.” He added that the university created a mental-health task force to examine its policies.
U. of Tennessee students, administrators confront sexual assault concerns
Female students at the the University of Tennessee take drastic measures to protect each other against sexual assault, according to an article published in the Chronicle of Higher Education. Students repeatedly warn each other to carry mace, program the phone number of the campus police chief into their cellphones and refrain from walking home alone. Students wear t-shirts with messages like “Netflix and Chill Does Not Mean Yes,” and relatives warn female students to “be careful.” One student who lives in a “sketchy” off-campus neighborhood told the Chronicle she would “always have (her) keys in between (her) knuckles for protection” when walking alone at night.
The university faces two federal investigations into how it has handled reports of sexual assault in the past. In February, six female students filed a lawsuit against the school for possibly treating athletes more favorably in sexual assault cases. Two more students joined the suit later on, making the total plaintiff number eight. The students alleged that basketball and football players were allowed to remain on campus and graduate, and the university settled for $2.48 million in July.
The administration has taken significant steps to open up a dialogue on sexual assault. At the start of the semester, the university’s central campus lays out a bright red carpet to alert students to the danger of the “red zone,” or the time of the year when the risk of sexual assault is highest. Additionally, Vincent Carilli, vice chancellor for student life, said he uses orientation sessions to persuade parents to talk more with their children about these types of issues. “One of the things I encourage them to do is talk about the use and abuse of alcohol, what consent means and what a student’s expectations are with regard to sex and relationships,” he told the Chronicle.”

Mitra ’18: Why you should take creative writing
by Brown Daily Herald
Sep 24, 2016
“Like many other Brown students, I’ve developed a specific routine for pre-registration days: I wake up at 7:30 a.m. and spend a good 20 minutes with my cursor hovering over the “Register Cart” button, hoping to get into a section of ENGL 0930: “Introduction to Creative Nonfiction.” The famed English course — one of the most popular courses at Brown — is notorious for filling up mere seconds after registration opens. Three times running, my hopes were dashed by the dreaded “no seats available” message at precisely 8:01 a.m. But last spring, with an extra early wake up call and a lot of luck, I finally got into the class.
Ironically, last spring was perhaps the one semester I wasn’t desperate to take the course. After a year of writing non-stop for The Herald and the Brown Political Review and taking at least two writing-based courses per semester, I thought I knew all there was to know about college-level writing. Of course, it only took me a couple of classes to realize that Creative Nonfiction — and indeed, most of the creative writing courses at Brown — went well beyond that level and then some.
I went into the class expecting a fun, low-stress S/NC course to take as my fifth class in a busy semester. Instead, I got a course that took up more time than my other four put together and occupied my thoughts day and night. But it also turned out to be one of my favorite courses at Brown and without a doubt one of the most useful.
In the course of a semester, I essentially re-learnt how to write from scratch. I gained a new perspective on writing for an audience and realized that I was making a lot of rookie mistakes. My written work improved noticeably in my other courses because I attacked my papers with renewed enthusiasm. I also had the chance to choose topics that were important to me; after writing about a particularly frustrating incident that brought me to tears, I discovered that the class was both cathartic and liberating. From what I’ve heard, these lessons apply to the majority of creative writing courses at Brown.
Many of my peers tell me that courses like “Creative Nonfiction” and its introductory corollaries in poetry and fiction are a waste of time for non-English concentrators. This is absolutely not true. These courses are helpful to anyone interested in improving their writing and communication skills. Any field we enter after graduation — from scientific research to finance and consulting — will require at least some writing know-how.
Of course, you can also work on these skills in a non-English WRIT-de class. But before “Creative Nonfiction,” I took tons of WRIT-designated courses within my concentration to satisfy my writing urge. Not one of them improved my writing half as much. The courses in the English and literary arts departments are tailored to zero in on specific aspects of your writing that need the most work. They can also push you out of your comfort zone in the best possible way. Rest assured, even if you decide not to write creatively ever again, the lessons you learn can help you with any other form of writing or editing.
The bottom line? Creative writing courses aren’t just for aspiring authors or budding journalists. They can be for the computer science concentrator trying to cross off a WRIT requirement while having fun or the economics concentrator tired of staring at numbers and graphs. They’re useful for anyone with a mild interest in writing and the urge to discover a new side to academics at Brown. Regardless of your class year or academic passion, I can guarantee that these courses offer a unique form of intellectual development. So give them a shot — you never know what you might discover.
Mili Mitra ’18 can be reached at Please send responses to this opinion to and other op-eds to .”

Despite renovations, dorms still inconsistent, over quota
by Brown Daily Herald
Sep 24, 2016
“As the new school year gets into full swing, students are beginning to settle into their new dorms on campus. With over 40 residential halls on campus, housing experiences at Brown can range from cinderblock walls to gorgeous views overlooking the Main Green.
Both the Office of Residential Life and the Department of Facilities Management are constantly looking for ways to improve the living experience at the University, said Vice President for Facilities Management Stephen Maiorisi.
“From 2012 to 2016, the University invested $90 million in residence halls,” Maiorisi added.
Much of the work occurs in various cycles, he said. Items like paint and carpets are refurbished more often than elements like the roofs and walls of residence halls, he added.
“We would not expect students to see all of this,” said Assistant Vice President for Campus Life Marylou McMillan, referring to the structural upgrades that may go unnoticed, yet are vital to the upkeep of residence halls.
This includes crucial upgrades to building safety like the “Fire Life Safety Upgrades” in which new fire prevention systems ­­— such as sprinklers and fire alarms — were installed in all residential halls in 2005 , Maiorisi said.
The most recent renovations to residence halls came this summer, when Barbour Hall and Perkins Hall received $2.8 million and $2.2 million upgrades, respectively. Barbour houses 169 students while Perkins is home to 191 students, according to Facilities Management records.
The University considers all aspects of the residence hall when looking at renovations, McMillan said, adding that the outdoor courtyard in Barbour Hall was redone over the summer.
“I am really happy with my suite in Barbour,” said Callie Smith ’19, who lives in a five-person suite in Barbour. “People who lived in the building last year told me that some of the rooms were worn down, so I was surprised to see how nice the furniture and kitchen appliances were.”
Smith added that all the suites she had visited have a “ton of space” with nice couches and tables.
But for students in other dorms, amenities are not as desirable. Keeney Quadrangle underwent a massive $21 million renovation that took place in 2013, according to Facilities Management records. But Rock Hoffman ’20 — who lives in Archibald-Bronson in Keeney— found there to be a “lack of water pressure in the showers” as well as “hand dryers (that) have so little power, they are essentially useless,” he said.
Hoffman also found broken cabinets and window shades in his room, which were later replaced by Facilities Management, he said.
Other first-year dorms, including Emery Hall, Woolley Hall, Morris and Champlin, were treated to renovations in 2013 that cost a total of $1.1 million.
“I’d probably describe the condition of my dorm as decent,” Elyse Sauber ’20, a resident in Woolley Hall. “It’s livable and there’s nothing fundamentally wrong with the conditions, but the building is old and grimy. I wouldn’t have a problem with it if the other freshman dorms weren’t so nice.”
Sauber enjoys the location of Woolley Hall, but would rather be in a bigger space as she doesn’t “spend a ton of time in (her) room since it’s so small.”
While Sauber thinks the University is doing “a wonderful job” in maintaining the overall conditions of the freshman dorms, a lot of new students “would be happier if the University worked to make the discrepancy between certain freshman living spaces a little less drastic,” she added.
A part of the 2013 renovation of first-year residence halls included making some of the residential halls more accessible for all students. Elevators were added to Keeney, Miller Hall and Metcalf Hall, McMillan said, adding that improving the accessibility of residence halls is one of the key areas looked at in determining how to conduct renovations.
Yet 30 percent of the residential halls remain inaccessible, Maiorisi said.   For example, in the Young Orchard residence halls, only one room out of the three buildings is accessible to students with disabilities, Maiorisi said.
The accessibility of certain dorms can vary based on the specific floor. For instance, the dorms on Wriston Quadrangle — which were subject to two sets of renovations totaling $12 million over 2014 and 2015 — are only fully accessible on their first floors, with lifts and ramps available for wheelchairs. But without elevators, the dorms are not fully accessible, McMillan said.
Because the University guarantees on-campus housing to undergraduates for all four years with a requirement that first-year and sophomore students must live on campus, the Office of Residential Life must constantly deal with the issue of overcapacity . Though the University has a total of 5,021 beds across residential halls, and juniors and seniors have the option to live off-campus, some students find themselves in temporary housing, making their homes in former kitchens and lounges.
“This has been an average year in terms of overcapacity,” said Richard Hilton, associate director for administrative services at ResLife. About 16 students lived in temporary housing at the beginning of the new school year, though some of those students are now in permanent rooms, he added.
Students who take a leave of absence or do not inform the University they are not coming back for the semester provide opportunities for permanent rooms for those in temporary housing, Hilton said. Because of this, overcapacity “waxes and wanes “throughout the year, McMillan said. “We are always looking to increase capacity and looking at different options.””

Alumni interview guidelines hard to uphold
by Brown Daily Herald
Sep 24, 2016
“In February, then-high school senior Matt Sarafa posted a YouTube video recounting a disturbing interaction with his Brown alumni interviewer. Sarafa claimed that his alumni interviewer made racist and homophobic statements to him during the interview, The Herald previously reported .
“In the very rare circumstance when an applicant informs us that an interview has been unproductive or uncomfortable, it is our policy to contact those involved in the interaction to discuss the interview and to take a series of actions,” wrote Brian Clark, director of news and editorial development, in an email to The Herald. “We took these steps last spring upon learning of a troubling experience reported by an applicant, and the alumni interviewer is not conducting interviews at this time,” he added.
This one case is a small part of a vast program. The alumni interviewer system engages 9,000 alumni volunteers around the world, and over 30,000 interviews are conducted each year, Clark wrote.
“The vast majority of interactions between applicants and interviewers are very productive, enjoyable and helpful for both the prospective students and for Brown,” Clark wrote. “Our expectation is that our alumni interviewers act as ambassadors for Brown and that applicants emerge with a positive experience regardless of whether they are ultimately admitted to the University,” he added.
The University has also aimed to improve its alumni interviewing program in recent months, Clark wrote, improvements that include moving the program’s management from the Office of Alumni Relations to the Admission Office, where staff members and administrators wield a “deep knowledge of the overall admission process.”
But Sarafa’s case is not the only interview to have fallen short of various University standards in recent years. Interviews with several alumni interviewers and students who have participated in alumni interviews suggest that training is limited and difficult to enforce, certain interviews may be conducted despite conflicts of interest and interview styles are varied, creating the possibility that some students are given more severe evaluations than others.
Training practices
The University has recently “refined (its) training manuals and practices to reflect (its) commitment to creating a positive experience,” Clark wrote. In addition, the University has “expanded the range of training sessions (both on campus and across the globe) for the program’s 350 regional chairs, who oversee and provide instruction to the interviewers in their geographic region.”
The University offers “in-person training for these chairs both on campus and via travel by the admission staff,” Clark wrote in a follow-up email to The Herald. “All volunteer interviewers are required to complete an online registration process each year, which takes them through a training manual, asks conflict of interest questions and requires that they affirm their commitment to abide by program policies,” he added.
     But interviews with multiple alumni interviewers and student interviewees indicated that the precepts laid out through training materials may not always be upheld, and some interviewers reported a different perception of the training’s rigor than Clark described.
     “There was literature to read, but there was no training process,” said Jessica Porter ’88, who said she believes she joined the alumni interview program in 2009.
There are “a lot of guidelines” and “really good information” available online about “the types of questions and the kinds of information we want to gather,” said Lauren Riordan ’85, adding that the amount of information and its quality have increased in recent years. Still, “there’s no formal training,” she said.
Interviews with alumni interviewers and students suggest that alumni interviewers take a varied array of approaches to their conversations with prospective students.
Patipan Prasertsom ’13, an alumni interviewer, said he approaches the interviews as a formality meant to ensure the absence of any red flags. “You don’t want to feel responsible for destroying someone’s hope,” he said, so he tends to write his reviews on the softer side.
Porter said an interview goes well if she spots a spark of passion and curiosity. Beyond that, “we just act as a filter or an amplifier for that person’s qualities,” she said.
But other interviewers may take a more rigorous approach. For example, in her interview as a prospective student, Julia Peters ’17 said she was asked to read and respond to a news article on environmental policy on the spot.
Conflicts of interest and implicit bias
Another potential inconsistency of the interviewing process is the biases of its interviewers. Some biases may manifest themselves in the preventable form of conflicts of interest while others may be implicit biases that all people possess and are thus more difficult to mitigate.
To limit the former issue, the University’s “training and registration process has long required interviewers to identify any potential conflicts of interest with applicants,” Clark wrote.
     While the vast majority of interviews likely contain no conflicts of interest, one current Brown student — who chose to remain anonymous for fear of repercussions against herself and her alumni interviewer — was interviewed by her mother’s best friend. “We didn’t even talk about school or academics or anything; we just sat down and had a conversation,” she said.
    “You’re not supposed to interview anyone that you know, but my mom interviewed at my high school, for example, after I graduated,” said another student, who asked to remain anonymous to protect her mother’s identity. “She would come home and tell me how they went” and ask something like: “is that the same impression you got?”
Inconsistencies in the ways people conduct their interviews and the judgments they make about their interviewees are part of human nature, said Gary Latham, fellow of the American Psychological Association and professor of organizational effectiveness at the University of Toronto’s Rotman School of Management.
In order to limit such inconsistencies, institutions can provide interviewers a scoring guide and specific questions to ask candidates that will “keep (interviewers’) biases in check,” Latham added.
Serving as an ambassador for Brown
      Another major aim of the alumni interviewing program is to help applicants understand what Brown is like, Clark wrote. Clark did not answer a question regarding how alumni interviewers are kept abreast of current campus events, though he wrote that “the intent is not to deliver information that is accessible online or can come from the admission staff — but rather to offer applicants the chance for a conversation with an individual who can share thoughts on the Brown experience and the University’s values more broadly.”
Students had mixed feelings about how well their interviewers were able to speak about Brown today. “I mean, (my interviewer) must have gone (to Brown) at least 30 years ago,” said Kat Zouboulakis ’18, adding, “I think a 30-year-old Brown alum would be better than a 60-year-old Brown alum.”
    But that wasn’t a consensus view among all students. “I would’ve appreciated someone older, in most cases, because I feel like they can offer me more about how life at Brown is going to look for me down the road,” said Liza Ruzicka ’19, a former Herald copy editor.
     In a similar vein, many sources agreed on interviewers’ capability to capture and relay the general culture of Brown, despite the generational gap. “Obviously (my interviewer) couldn’t give lots of specifics about what it’s like now, but I think he did provide a good perspective of the general atmosphere, which I think did kind of hold, even though it was a long time ago,” Aidan O’Shea ’19 said.
    Interviewers shared the feeling that Brown’s essence has remained the same for many years. “Social and current generational factors may change, but that spark doesn’t, as far as I’m concerned,” Porter said.
     The impact of the interview itself on admission decisions is difficult to identify with precision. “The interview is just one element among the many factors considered during the admission process,” Clark wrote.
     “I really don’t know how much bias or prejudice with an interviewer tilts the scales. I just don’t know. But I presume it’s not that much because, believe me, I’ve tried. There have been applicants who I’ve just been like, ‘you would be crazy not to take this kid,’ and they didn’t get in,” Porter said.”

Bruno handed first loss of season at UMass Lowell
by Brown Daily Herald
Sep 17, 2016
“After taking the lead a mere nine minutes into the game, the men’s soccer team faltered in the second half against host UMass Lowell and suffered its first loss of the season, 2-1. In a battle of two undefeated teams, it was the River Hawks who emerged victorious thanks to their two leading goal scorers — Wuilito Fernandes and Ivan Abramovic. Brown’s top scorer from last season, Jack Hagstrom ’19, netted the team’s lone goal.
“We learned about ourselves and how to handle challenges that occur in game, whether we are winning or losing,” said Head Coach Patrick Laughlin. “We are going to use that to improve moving forward.”
Going into the fixture, Fernandes and Abramovic were the attacking duo to watch out for. The pair had combined to score eight of their team’s 10 total goals of the season. Keeping them off the score sheet was key.
Brown also had to deal with a few injuries that limited minutes of certain players. The starting lineup was a familiar one but did see Joseph Lee ’20 make his first collegiate start.
The match started brightly for the visitors. Erik Hanson ’17 brilliantly rose to stop a shot that was heat seeking the top right corner of the net. Shortly thereafter, the Bears opened the scoring. Off a short corner, Nico Lozada ’18 crossed the ball to the back post where Hagstrom leaped and headed the ball just inside the post for his first goal of the season. On top of that, it was Lozada’s third assist in his last four games. It was the first time in 442 consecutive minutes played that UMass Lowell found itself behind.
“I thought we started off well,” Laughlin said. “We really took it to them.”
After the goal, the game steadied between the two squads. The River Hawks began to control the tempo more and more, while the Bears stuck to their defensive game plan. There were a couple of decent chances for both teams, but nothing came of them. Despite the accumulating momentum for the host, the score remained 1-0 going into halftime.
Similar to how the Bears controlled the first 10 or so minutes of the first half, the River Hawks came out strong in the second half. Their equalizer materialized in the 52nd minute.
After a couple of lucky bounces, a UMass Lowell midfielder splayed the ball out wide right. The winger swung in a ball that curved perfectly behind two Brown defenders and into the path of Fernandes. From there, he took one touch to slot it into the back of the net for his sixth goal in six games.
From there, the River Hawks continued to apply pressure. The Bears could not convert any of the few chances that they could muster. A free kick from about 30 yards out was headed wide.
The game was primed to go into extra time until the 86th minute. Carlos Ruiz dispossessed Carl Johan Mix ’19 in the midfield and lofted in an inch-perfect pass onto the chest of Abramovic, who calmly took it down and slid it into the bottom right corner past Hanson.
It was the fatal blow for the visitors, who could not manage to find an equalizer for the rest of the half. The game ended 2-1 in favor of the River Hawks. This left Bruno with a 3-1 record, the same as its start to last campaign.
Just two games ago, Bruno came back from a goal down to win 2-1 against Georgia State. This time, the Bears found themselves on the other side of the coin. After the home team tied the game at 1-1, Bruno found it difficult to reassert itself. This is the type of obstacle that the team hopes to learn from and avoid in future contests. For now, their next test is this Saturday against University of Massachusetts at Amherst.
“We are looking forward to the game on Saturday and hope to give another great effort,” Laughlin said.”

Team veterans look to lead successful 2016 campaign
by Brown Daily Herald
Sep 17, 2016
“After a 5-5 season a year ago, Brown football’s upperclassmen decided the team would take a new mentality to bring the Ivy League title to College Hill for the first time since 2008.
Thus, “thru the wall,” the team’s new rallying cry for the 2016 season, was born.
“We’ve been going through a culture change on our team,” said defensive back Jordan Ferguson ’17. “It’s something that the older guys started doing in January and February with winter workouts and into spring practice.”
Despite being picked to finish sixth in the Ancient Eight in the pre-season media poll, the Bears return 15 starters from last season and hope to conquer a crowded field of contenders in Head Coach Phil Estes’s 19th year. The conference crown was shared by Harvard, Penn and Dartmouth in 2015, while Brown finished fifth with a 3-4 conference record.
Kyle Moreno ’17 will take the reins as a dual-threat quarterback in the Bears’ read-option attack. Moreno saw limited action last season but impressed in a loss at Harvard, throwing for 308 yards and two touchdowns and rushing for two more.
Moreno will have to take care of the ball for Brown to find more success on offense, as the team was tied for the most turnovers in the nation last year with 34. But Estes believes that Moreno is equipped to remedy the team’s struggles with turnovers.
“Kyle has the confidence; he’s been doing this his whole life,” Estes said.
Moreno stressed fixing the turnover woes from last season as the offense’s number-one priority and offered a simple prescription: “staying within the scheme, not trying to do too much and knowing my opponent inside and out.”
The team performs numerous drills during practice to work on handling the ball well, Estes said.
There will be no shortage of weapons for Moreno to rely on offensively, starting with 2015 All-Ivy receivers Troy Doles ’17 and Alex Jette ’17. Last season, Doles totaled 66 receptions for 963 yards and seven touchdowns, while Jette recorded 68 receptions for 928 yards and four touchdowns. The pair figures to be one of the more formidable duos in the league and will play a key role on special teams as well, with Doles returning kicks and Jette as the team’s punter.
The Bears expect to use several players in the running game, with Johnny Pena ’17 — who ran for 310 yards and scored six touchdowns last season — returning with the most game experience.
There was room for improvement on defense for Bruno as well. In the 2015 season, the Bears allowed 32.9 points per game, the highest in the Ivy League, and placed in the middle of the pack in both rushing defense and passing defense.
Seven players return from that defensive unit, led by Ferguson and co-captain defensive end Robert Hughes ’17. Other key players include linebackers Will Twyman ’17 and Max Tylki ’17, who combined for 139 total tackles and 10.5 tackles for loss in 2015.
“We’ve got some speed on defense,” Estes said. “Up front, those guys can run.”
The veterans will take a personal stake in the improvement of the defense from last season, Ferguson said.
“Sometimes when you’re put in tough situations you have to step up, and there were times when we didn’t do that,” he said. “If we trust each other to do our jobs, then we’ll definitely come out with Ws.”
Following Saturday’s opener at Bryant (1-1), the Bears will run through the seven-game Ivy League slate and two non-conference games against Stetson and rival Rhode Island in the annual Governor’s Cup game.
Brown’s opener will be the third game for the Bulldogs, a unique reality of playing in the Ivy League for the Bears. But without any film for Bryant to study on the new schemes Bruno plans to run, the difference could prove an advantage, Ferguson said.
“We’re a much different team than last year, and we’ve definitely evolved in terms of the defenses that we run,” he said.
The starters have yet to play 60 minutes of football as a unit, but they did play Yale, another potential contender for the Ivy title, in a pre-season scrimmage.
“The Yale scrimmage was good for us to get us ready as far as game mentality and getting the first hits out of the way,” Moreno said. “I think we’ll be ready.””

Political experts discuss race in election
by Brown Daily Herald
Sep 17, 2016
“Tricia Rose, director of the Center for the Study of Race and Ethnicity in America and professor of Africana studies, and James Morone, director of the Taubman Center for American Politics and Policy, spoke on the unpredictable, yet historically consistent, role of race in the 2016 presidential election at the Watson Institute for International and Public Affairs Joukowsky Forum Thursday.
Morone opened the talk by framing the 2016 election through a historical context of racism in American politics.
“Racism isn’t new. Nativism isn’t new. But something else is new,” Morone said, before recounting the story of the United States’ first contested election in 1800. John Adams’ Federalist party campaigned on an anti-immigrant platform, and Thomas Jefferson’s Democratic-Republicans won by antagonizing slaves while recruiting white foreigners. After the election, the supremacy of Southern slave-owning whites continued for half a century.
“Now we have one party that is built on the white vote — the Republican Party,” Morone said. “What we have politely ignored now has become acute, lying right on the surface.”
Morone then transitioned to questioning Rose, asking what she saw as the fundamental conclusions we can draw from this election.
“Trump is for me a Rorschach test for an everyday populace and its understanding of race in America,” Rose said. “He helps us see something in ourselves. … I’m not surprised by him at all. I don’t find him shocking at all.”
Rose went on to further describe white America’s “Kool-Aid of colorblindness,” which she said has acted as a cover for a softer form of racism that actively disempowers and disenfranchises African-Americans to this day.
“The power of racial dog-whistling has been underestimated” because, without it, the middle class would act as a single voting bloc around issues of class,” Rose said.
Morone asked Rose why U.S. Sen. Bernie Sanders, I-VT, had been unsuccessful in using class-based rhetoric to capture the votes of African-Americans, especially those in the South and those over 35.
Sanders “thought he could run a progressive campaign without talking about race. … He wasn’t ready to talk about race, and that’s insane,” Rose replied.
Heesoo Kim ’19, in the later audience-question portion of the afternoon, asked Rose and Morone: “Is blue-collar, white society intrinsically racist as a community, or is the racism in blue-collar whites actually instilled in them by the elites in order to get their votes?”
In response, Rose said that the long American history of whiteness has always been defined “in framework and in contrast and in contradiction with other racial groups,” whether it be Native Americans, African slaves, Chinese laborers or other races. Morone described racism as “crack cocaine” for politicians — an easy and powerful way to lure white voters, but something politicians and the public should work hard to resist.
Ken White GS, a first-year PhD candidate in political science, asked about the effect of this election, and specifically Donald Trump, on the role of truth in our political system.
“We like to think that elections are about policy, … but it’s really a form of tribalism” around party loyalty and regional culture, Morone responded.
The discussion concluded with some optimism from both professors — Rose hailed the potential of “coordinated, multifaceted social movements” to change minds, as seen in the gay rights movement.
“It’s your future,” Morone said to a mostly student-comprised audience. “I’m really optimistic about how the next generation is going to deal with race.””

Plaza proposal marred by protest, exclusion
by Brown Daily Herald
Sep 17, 2016
“Former Mayor of Providence Joseph Paolino Jr. P’17 unveiled his plans for the redevelopment of Kennedy Plaza Wednesday at a closed-door meeting, presenting an ambitious and controversial vision for the future of the downtown district. While Paolino has not served in a governmental capacity for nearly three decades, he wields significant clout in the city. He is board chairman of the Downtown Improvement District and a managing partner of the Providence-based Paolino Properties.
Central to Paolino’s proposal is the relocation of the RIPTA bus terminal from Kennedy Plaza slightly north to the Amtrak train station. With the space from the terminal vacated, Paolino has called for a redesign of the plaza and neighboring Burnside Park to include a number of attractions including an amphitheater, an expanded park and a food court. The proposal comes after weeks of meetings concerning public safety and “quality-of-life-issues” in the downtown area between Paolino and a number of social service organizations, businesses and advocacy groups.
But Paolino has come under fire for some aspects of his proposal that some call anti-homeless. He has taken a hard stance against panhandling, for example, arguing that “some panhandlers have legitimate problems, and some have made it into a business,” in a statement released Sept. 14 at the event. While Paolino has promised that the proposal is a “neutral content ordinance” and that all panhandling, including that of firefighters and little leaguers, will not be allowed, some worry the policy would be selectively enforced against homeless people.
In response to perceived inadequacies in Paolino’s proposal, a number of advocates for the homeless and other activists held a press conference in protest of his plan about an hour before it was to be announced on the front steps of Paolino Properties in Kennedy Plaza.
“Paolino likes to present the work that he’s been doing as a community-based plan,” said Meghan Smith of the Homeless Bill of Rights Defense Committee. “Well, we’re here to say loudly and clearly that nothing could be further from the truth.” From the onset of the groups’ meetings, it was obvious that Paolino had formed his own plan and was not willing to incorporate the opinions of homeless advocacy groups, she said.
In response to Paolino’s proposal, a number of advocacy groups drafted and distributed a document entitled “Reclaiming Our Public Spaces,” which outlined a number of policy recommendations including distributing at least 150 housing vouchers, keeping the RIPTA terminal in Kennedy Plaza and ending police profiling of the homeless and the poor.
“We have a beautiful constitution, which protects people’s rights … including (those of) the poor, the homeless and the drug addicted,” said Andy Horowitz, a law professor at the Roger Williams University School of Law. “Panhandling is a protected right … for the firefighters who want to hold boots out to fundraise, and it’s a protected right for a variety of other folks who some might call ‘less desirable.’”
While speaking at the protest, Horowitz also commended Mayor Jorge Elorza for recognizing the unconstitutionality of previously enforced anti-panhandling ordinances and refusing to impose them moving forward.
“We met in good faith with Mr. Paolino,” said Barbara Freitas, director of the Rhode Island Homeless Advocacy project, though “the only reason he invited us together was so that it would look good to the public and to the media,” she added.
“Here’s some wisdom for you, Joe,” Freitas said, “moving the problem somewhere else is still a problem, and if you’re not a part of the solution, then you must be part of the problem.”
Advocates protested outside Paolino Properties for about half an hour, after which they collectively walked to the Rhode Island Convention Center where Paolino’s proposals were supposed to be discussed with community organizations. Upon seeing about 20 individuals enter the center, some with signs bearing slogans like “houses not handcuffs,” security at the center refused to allow access to the meeting.
A tense stalemate ensued between community members and security, especially when a number of individuals dressed in business attire were repeatedly allowed to pass through without a problem. Even after presenting press credentials, reporters from The Herald, Rhode Island Public Radio, the Providence Journal, Providence Business News and RI Future were barred by security from entering the event. Bob Plain, a reporter from RI Future, disclosed that he discovered through back channels that there was a “ list ” approved by Paolino of specific news organizations that were to be allowed entry.
Reporters and advocates then played a genuine game of cat and mouse with security at the convention center, sneaking through pantries and up escalators in some instances and brazenly pushing past officers in others. Minor altercations erupted on at least two occasions in which officers forcibly removed or restrained individuals trying to gain access to the event. When it became increasingly apparent that no one would be allowed to enter, activists shouted back and forth “Whose city? Our city!” outside of the event doors.
Security gave a number of reasons for excluding the public from the event, including fire safety and capacity issues, though several people who managed to enter reported that there were only about 50 people inside while the capacity for the room was listed as 130 people. Additionally, those gathered were told that only invited individuals would be allowed to enter, but advocates who had been asked to attend and who had been present at previous meetings were nevertheless blocked.
Paolino apologized for the incident later that day, admitting that “there is no logic in keep(ing) press out of a press conference.” While he conceded that security had been instructed to keep out those who would disrupt the event, he said they went too far in keeping out members of the press and advocates who had attended meetings before, regardless of their ideology. Paolino additionally sat down for a 37-minute interview with RI Future in consolation for the organization’s having been blocked.
Paolino has incorporated an expansion of social programs for homeless individuals in his proposal, but some find his approach to issues like panhandling and loitering unacceptable.
“The answer to homelessness is housing, and there’s not enough money for that,” said Diana Burdett, executive director of PICA, a homeless social service organization that had originally participated in negotiations with Paolino. “I don’t agree with the criminalization of homelessness, so I separated myself from the group in order to stand with the people we serve,” she added.
Elorza held a press conference on the front steps of City Hall Sept. 15 in response to debate surrounding the Kennedy Plaza issue. Flanked by state legislators and members from the business and social service communities, Elorza committed to increasing police presence in the plaza and allocating resources for the construction of a day center to serve homeless individuals. He also announced the new PVD GIVES program, which will install “giving meters” throughout the city to encourage people to donate to social programs for the homeless rather than give them the money directly.
“The issues we are addressing today are not unique to Providence. They are complex and multifaceted. But by coming together as a community, we have the opportunity to make lasting change,” Elorza said. “By addressing this issue creatively, collaboratively and compassionately while incorporating best practices from throughout the country, Providence can become a model for the entire nation,” he added.”

Free speech debated for Constitution Day
by Brown Daily Herald
Sep 17, 2016
“At the University’s annual Constitution Day lecture, Greg Lukianoff, president of the Foundation for Individual Rights in Education, and Stanley Fish, visiting professor of Law at Yeshiva University’s Benjamin N. Cardozo School of Law, explored the question: Should free speech be limited on college campuses?
The Political Theory Project hosted the event to provide “a space to come together to hear and discuss challenging topics in good faith,” wrote Daniel D’Amico, associate director of the Political Theory Project, in an email to The Herald.
After an introduction from John Tomasi, professor of political science and director of the Political Theory Project, Lukianoff stepped up to the podium to present his view on the acceptable and unacceptable limits of free speech.
Lukianoff first offered circumstances where free speech should be limited, like “true threats, obscenity and defamation.” He then described situations where free speech should be limited as behavior, not speech. For example, people “don’t have the right to stop an event from happening,” he said.
After listing this variety of situations where free speech can be curtailed, Lukianoff then defined his two beliefs that make him “radical” in his defense of free speech. The first principle is the bedrock rule where, “you can’t ban something simply because it’s offensive … (because) offensive is too subjective,” Lukianoff said. Next, he defended “viewpoint neutrality,” which means “you can’t ban viewpoints you dislike,” he added.
Lukianoff ended his talk with the advice: “Make it a goal to seek out smart people with whom you disagree.”
Fish then stepped up to the microphone. “You have invited two speakers who more or less agree,” he said.
But Fish then argued that, at universities, there is a freedom to do “your academic job,” but should be no freedom of expression. To connect this idea to Brown, Fish quoted President Christina Paxson’s P’19 op-ed in the Washington Post: “Freedom of expression is an essential component of academic freedom.”
“This is false,” Fish said. Universities must protect themselves against outside forces that try to shape their political agenda by employing “gatekeepers” — like deans or professors — who choose what voices should be heard on campus.
Engaging in academia and social justice in the same space is “a debasement of teaching and of social justice,” he said.                              
“The university is less democratic than it is Darwinian,” he added.
Currently, students are the most toxic force in the politicization of universities, he said. Students are “apprentices” and “have no right to participate in the shaping of the own scene of their instruction,” he added.
Professors and students should try to understand ideas, not craft foreign policy, he added, before ending his speech with a directive to both ­­— “do your job.”
After the two speakers finished their talks, members from the audience asked questions, most of them directed at Fish.
One student asked Fish why professors or administrators should have the authority to limit speech on campus.          
“The relationship is between someone who knows the subject and students who want to know the subject,” Fish said.
The student pressed further, adding, “we aren’t arguing about the laws of physics” but about social issues, some of which leave ample room for debate.
“Social justice can be studied, … but the moment you take social justice seriously, … you’ve lost the university entirely,” Fish said.
Another audience member asked Fish about the role of student voices on a committee that created the University’s Open Curriculum and enhanced the University’s prestige.
In response, Fish said the University became more prestigious as a result of better recruiting by the admission office. No one listens to student voices on committees, Fish added. “That’s the way it is.”
Correction: A previous version of this article stated that Daniel D’Amico is a visiting professor of political science at the Political Theory Project. In fact, he is the associate director of the Political Theory Project. The Herald regrets the error. ”

Athlete of the Week: Etzel ’19 saves the day with late-game penalty kick stop
by Brown Daily Herald
Sep 17, 2016
“For anyone who thought a revamped coaching staff and new team system would slow women’s soccer, the team’s start to the season will have been a pleasant surprise. With a 3-1-1 record, Bruno is off to its best start in five years. And with four shutouts in the last five games, Brown’s goalkeeper Christine Etzel ’19 has played a major role in the team’s success.
Many moments have highlighted the Bears’ run so far — none more climactic than the final two minutes of their 1-0 victory over Lafayette Sunday. In the 88th minute, the referee called a penalty kick against Bruno. With the Bears up by one and the game on the line, Etzel produced a diving save to clinch the victory for Brown.
For her game-saving heroics versus Lafayette, Etzel has been named The Herald’s Athlete of the Week.
Herald: Everyone wants to know — what was going through your head leading up to the penalty, knowing that the win was on the line?
Etzel: I was pretty shocked that the ref would call the penalty that late in the game. It was the 88th minute of regular time so I think everyone one the team was like, “crap.” All I was thinking about was making the save. Penalty kicks are kind of 50/50 sometimes. You can practice them sometimes but you need a little luck, too. I was just trying to intimidate them a little bit and watch their eyes to see what side they might be shooting.
How did you feel after you realized you had saved the game?
I was pretty pumped, getting high-fives from my team. But immediately we had to set up for a corner kick and get everyone focused right after because the other team still had the play. So I was super pumped for five seconds and then I thought, “alright, we need someone front post and back post; we need to set up for this corner kick.” I think after the game we got to celebrate a bit more, but it was a pretty exciting five seconds.
How much of being a goalie is mental versus physical?
It’s definitely a good mix of having athletic ability and technique, but at the same time I think a lot of goalkeepers mature as they get older. A lot of people say goalkeepers are at their best in their 30s compared to field players in their 20s, and I think mentality is a very big part of it. You just have to learn through training and time how to deal with certain situations, what to say (and) where to set up your defense. It’s a lot of experience, dealing with different situations as they come.
It’s a new year and a new coaching staff. How is that dynamic playing out with the team so far this season?
I think it’s awesome. I know our team was a bit nervous because we weren’t expecting our coach to retire last year, but the experience for our team was very positive. We were all very excited when we heard who our coach was going to be and even more exited when she brought on all the assistants. And overall, our coaches are incredible. They get along so well together, and we get along so well with them, and that’s really cool.
When did you start playing soccer?
I’ve been playing ever since I remember. When I was little there was always a rec team that I was on, and I actually played at first as a field player. But even that first season when I was 10 or 11, my coaches put me in goal, probably because of the height factor. But I thought it was (a) really fun, pretty cool position being in goal, diving and using your hands.
Lastly, what are some expectations you have for the team so far given this strong start?
Obviously we want to continue with the positive aspects of our play so far: working on keeping shootouts, scoring goals. Our main goal is to win the Ivy League so we want to just stay on track and tweak the things that aren’t going as well for us. When you get into Ivy League play, it’s a totally different energy, and each game is really important. We’re focusing on getting better in all our non-conference games, and that’s really important for us to prepare for our Ivy League games.
This interview has been edited for clarity and length.”

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