Information Technology Degrees
There are several degrees which you can choose from that will get you going in a career in information technology. A degree i
Electrical Engineering Degree
Electrical engineering is a field of engineering that generally deals with the study and application of electricity, electronics, and electromagnetism. This field first became an identifiable occupation in the latter half of the 19th century after commercialization of the electric telegraph, the telephone, and electric power distribution and use. Subsequently, broadcasting and recording media made electronics part of daily life. The invention of the transistor and, subsequently, the integrated circuit brought down the cost of electronics to the point where they can be used in almost any household object.
Electrical engineering has now subdivided into a wide range of subfields including electronics, digital computers, power engineering, telecommunications, control systems, RF engineering, signal processing, instrumentation, and microelectronics. The subject of electronic engineering is often treated as its own subfield but it intersects with all the other subfields, including the power electronics of power engineering.
Electrical engineers typically hold a degree in electrical engineering or electronic engineering. Practicing engineers may have professional certification and be members of a professional body. Such bodies include the Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE) and the Institution of Engineering and Technology (IET).
Electrical engineers work in a very wide range of industries and the skills required are likewise variable. These range from basic circuit theory to the management skills required of project manager. The tools and equipment that an individual engineer may need are similarly variable, ranging from a simple voltmeter to a top end analyzer to sophisticated design and manufacturing software.
Computer Engineering Degree
Computer engineering is a discipline that integrates several fields of electrical engineering and computer science required to develop computer hardware and software. Computer engineers usually have training in electronic engineering (or electrical engineering), software design, and hardware-software integration instead of only software engineering or electronic engineering. Computer engineers are involved in many hardware and software aspects of computing, from the design of individual microprocessors, personal computers, and supercomputers, to circuit design. This field of engineering not only focuses on how computer systems themselves work, but also how they integrate into the larger picture.
Usual tasks involving computer engineers include writing software and firmware for embedded microcontrollers, designing VLSI chips, designing analog sensors, designing mixed signal circuit boards, and designing operating systems. Computer engineers are also suited for robotics research, which relies heavily on using digital systems to control and monitor electrical systems like motors, communications, and sensors.
In many institutions, computer engineering students are allowed to choose areas of in-depth study in their junior and senior year, because the full breadth of knowledge used in the design and application of computers is beyond the scope of an undergraduate degree. Other institutions may require engineering students to complete one year of General Engineering before declaring computer engineering as their primary focus.Wikipedia.org
Computer Science Degree
Computer science is the scientific and practical approach to computation and its applications. It is the systematic study of the feasibility, structure, expression, and mechanization of the methodical procedures (or algorithms) that underlie the acquisition, representation, processing, storage, communication of, and access to information, whether such information is encoded as bits in a computer memory or transcribed in genes and protein structures in a biological cell. A computer scientist specializes in the theory of computation and the design of computational systems.
Its subfields can be divided into a variety of theoretical and practical disciplines. Some fields, such as computational complexity theory (which explores the fundamental properties of computational and intractable problems), are highly abstract, while fields such as computer graphics emphasize real-world visual applications. Still other fields focus on the challenges in implementing computation. For example, programming language theory considers various approaches to the description of computation, whilst the study of computer programming itself investigates various aspects of the use of programming language and complex systems. Human–computer interaction considers the challenges in making computers and computations useful, usable, and universally accessible to humans.Wikipedia.org
Information Technology Certifications
Information technology certifications meet industry standards and show qualifications of fundamental to advanced operational understanding of specific areas within the information technology industry. Some enterprises require individuals to hold certifications along with degrees to be considered for positions while others will look for certifications and experience.
Operating System Certifications
Employers are looking for individuals certified to use legacy and current IBM and HP operating systems along with Windows, Apple, Linux, Unix and Oracle. Certifications can be obtained from local community colleges and universities as well as directly from the software vendors websites.
Cisco has a career certification path in which there are 5 levels entry, associate, professional expert and architect. Ciscos specialist certifications cover topics from it business and data center to the internet of things and networking programmability, Cisco's IOS operating system, security, video and voice over ip.
EMC has certifications in information storage and management, cloud infrastructure and services, cloud architecture, backup recovery, data science, data center architecture and storage administration.
Juniper has a network certification program which has 4 levels. The JNCIA program is their entry level program and is required to continue to advanced certifications. Along with the JNCIA Juniper offers a Juniper certified internet specialist, internet professional and expert certification.
Information Technology Salaries
|Computer and Information Research Scientists||$102k/year|
|Computer Hardware Engineers||$100k/year|
|Computer Network Architects||$91k/year|
|Computer Support Specialists||$48k/year|
|Computer Systems Analysts||$80k/year|
|Information Security Analysts||$86k/year|
|Network and Computer Administrators||$72k/year|