A Speech and Language Therapist is a health care professional who specializes in communication and swallowing difficulties. The main part of their work involves assessing people and planning therapy. They work with people of all ages across different settings such as nurseries, schools, day centers, care homes, clinics and hospitals.
These can include difficulties with fluency (stuttering), making sounds and words, making sentences, understanding what others say, and using language socially. These difficulties fall into two main areas:
There are two types of language difficulties:
People with receptive language difficulties have problems understanding spoken and written language. Because of this they usually also have expressive language difficulties although this is not always the case.
People with expressive language difficulties are able to understand but cannot say the words and sentences they want to. This may be because of word finding difficulties or problems making sentences.
In children language difficulties are divided up into
language follows the normal developmental pattern but at a slower rate e.g. a four year old may have the language skills of someone 12 months younger
language is not following typical development.
Where language difficulties occur with no other difficulties the child may be diagnosed with Specific Language Impairment.
In adults acquired receptive and expressive language impairments are known as aphasia. There are many different types of aphasia depending on which areas of the brain are damaged and what symptoms they show.
Speech Language Pathologists / Therapists Salaries
According to the bureau of labor statistics, speech language pathologists earn on average $74k annually with the best earners bringing home over $110k/year. Educational institutions, health practitioner offices, hospitals, nursing care facilities and home health care providers lead the way in hiring. Diagnostic laboratories, advocacy organizations, home health providers, nursing facilities and physicians offices lead the way in pay.
Speech Therapy Schools
Below we have listed some of the top schools for speech therapy ranked by visitors like you. Narrow your search by city and state to find a speech therapy program near you.